Artificial Respiration
Mouth-to-Nose Rescue Breathing


  1. Place casualty on back immediately
    Don’t water time moving to a better place, loosening clothing, or draining water from lungs.
  2. Quickly clear mouth and throat
    Remove mucus, food and other obstructions

3.     ·        Tilt head back as far as possible
The head should be in a “chin-up” or “sniff” position and the neck stretched

  1. Lift lower jaw forward
    Grasp jaw by pacing thumb into corner of mouth.  Do not hold or depress tongue.

  1. Pinch nose shut (or seal mouth)
    Prevent air leakage
  2. Open your mouth wide and blow
    Take a deep breath and blow forcefully (except for babies) into mouth or nose until you see chest rise

  1. Listen for exhalation
    Quickly remove your mouth when chest rises.  Lift jaw higher if casualty makes snoring or gurgling sounds.
  2. Repeat (last two steps) 12 to 20 times per minute
    Continue until casualty begins to breath normally
  3. For infants seal both mouth and nose with your mouth
    Blow with small puffs of air from your cheeks

 From Graphic Training Aid 21-45, Headquarters, Department of the Army, October 1961

Return to main page