Aid is exactly as the term implies, the first aid given for an injury. It is
not intended as a long-term solution to a problem, nor does it replace
treatment provided by trained medical personnel.
attempting to administer First Aid, you need to perform an initial assessment
which should include: Safety (yours and the victims), mechanism of the injury
(how did it happen), medical information devices (“Medic Alert” tags or
bracelets), number of casualties (if more than one person involved), bystanders
(those that might be able to help you).1
avoid contact with blood or other body fluids. Use latex gloves whenever
administering mouth-to-mouth resuscitation, use a face shield, following
instructions on the packet.
emergency, you should follow these priorities:
that you are not placing yourself in danger by providing first aid. If you
become injured you will not be able to help others!
see if the person is conscious. If conscious and they are breathing, stay with
the victim while sending somebody else to call for help.
to see if the person is breathing. If you are alone, call 911 first if possible
before starting rescue breathing.
for a pulse. If no pulse found begin CPR if you know the technique.
for bleeding. Immediately stop bleeding by applied direct pressure before you
worry about any “fancy” bandages.
for neck and spinal injuries, injuries on the head. You should never move the
victim unless it’s absolutely necessary.
person is unconscious do not attempt to give them fluids.
become involved in using treatment methods beyond your skill. Recognize the
limits of your competence. Only perform First Aid procedures that are within
your scope of knowledge and skills. 2
· Always stay calm and do not ever give up. Continue to provide aid to the victim until help arrives!
Standard First Aid Course: NAVEDTRA 13199.
First Aid Guide for School Emergencies