One of most common injuries in outdoor activities is sprains.  A sprain is defined as tears of ligaments supporting a joint. Symptoms include pain at the joint, swelling and possibly discoloration.   



Elevate the sprained portion of the body if possible.  For sprained wrist, put in a sling, place sprained ankles on a pillow elevated

Apply cold compress (i.e. ice in a bag) or allow cold running water over the sprain for the first 6 or 8 hours.  After 24 hours, apply hot compress

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