One of most common injuries in outdoor activities is sprains. A sprain is defined as tears of ligaments supporting a joint. Symptoms include pain at the joint, swelling and possibly discoloration.
Elevate the sprained portion of the body if possible. For sprained wrist, put in a sling, place sprained ankles on a pillow elevated
Apply cold compress (i.e. ice in a bag) or allow cold running water over the sprain for the first 6 or 8 hours. After 24 hours, apply hot compress